Hubungan antara Pola Makan dan Asupan Karbohidrat dengan Kejadian Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) pada Mahasiswi Program Studi S1 Kebidanan Universitas Brawijaya dengan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) Normal

Hasna Nur Afifah, Yuseva Sariati, Catur Saptaning Wilujeng
  JOIM, pp. 20-28  

Abstract


Menstruation is one of the most important women's life cycles. Hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle will cause physical and psychological changes before and during menstruation. The symptoms experienced by women before menstruation begin are called premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Having a good dietary pattern and adequate carbohydrate intake is one of several ways to reduce premenstrual syndrome symptoms. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of dietary pattern and carbohydrate intake to the incidence of premenstrual syndrome in students of Midwifery Bachelor Program University of Brawijaya. The design of this study was cross sectional. Diettary pattern was measured by questionnaire, carbohydrat intake was measured through interviews using SQ - FFQ (Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaires), and PMS was measured by sPAF (Shortened Premenstrual Assessment Form). The sample of this study were students of 2015, 2016, and 2017 class (n = 74) selected by purposive sampling method. The results of this study indicate that dietary pattern and the incidence of premenstrual syndrome has a significant relationship (p value = 0.049) with OR = 3.578, and carbohydrate intake with the incidence of premenstrual syndrome also has a significant relationship (p value = 0.006) with OR = 7.622. The conclusion of this study is there is a relationship between diettary pattern and carbohydrate intake to the incidence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in respondents who have a normal BMI.

Keywords


Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS); dietary pattern; carbohydrate intake; normal Body Mass Index (BMI)

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