LITERATURE REVIEW: PENGARUH PEMBERIAN BIT (Beta vulgaris L.) TERHADAP KADAR HEMOGLOBIN

Authors

  • Savira Oktavia Ainiyati Brawijaya University
  • nurdiana nurdiana Departemen Farmakologi, FKUB
  • Nur Aini Retno Hastuti PS Sarjana Kebidanan FKUB

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.JOIM.2022.006.01.2

Keywords:

beetroot, haemoglobin, anemia, hematopoiesis.

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Anemia is a condition in which the hemoglobin level in blood is lower than normal. The major cause of high incidence of anemia in women is caused by blood loss especially during menstruation and lack of adequate nutritional intake for the hemoglobin formation,  so lot of women experiences anemia. One of the non-pharmacological alternatives to treat anemia is by consuming beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) from the Chenopodiaceae family. A total of 100 grams of beet contains 0.8 mg of iron, 128.7 mg of betalain, 4.9 mg of vitamin C, and 109 µg of folic acid which is important for hematopoiesis. Objective: The aim of this literature review is to determine the effect of beet (Beta vulgaris L.) administration on hemoglobin levels. Method: All the data were obtained online which is available in full text and open access format around 2011-2020 from 6 databases (Google Scholar, ProQUEST, PuBMED, Springer, Science Direct and ResearchGate). This literature review were synthesized using a narrative method in tabular form using PICOT method (population, intervention, comparation, outcome, and time). Result: A total of 10 articles that passed the inclusion and exclusion criteria according to the topic and also have passed the quality assessment. The study design was an experimental study and the intervention method was divided into two types, by juice and extract. Conclusion: Based on the results of the assessment from literature study sources, it can be seen that the intervention of beetroot in a certain dose and time period has a significant effect on increasing the hemoglobin levels to prevent and treat anemia. Keyword : beetroot, haemoglobin, anemia, hematopoiesis.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Anemia merupakan suatu kondisi tubuh yang ditandai dengan rendahnya kadar hemoglobin dalam darah dari kadar normalnya. Penyebab tingginya angka kejadian anemia pada wanita diakibatkan oleh kehilangan darah terutama saat menstruasi dan kurangnya asupan nutrisi yang adekuat untuk pembentukan hemoglobin sehingga banyak dari wanita mengalami anemia. Salah satu upaya secara non farmakologis sebagai alternatif mengatasi anemia yaitu mengkonsumsi bit (Beta vulgaris L.) yang berasal dari famili Chenopodiaceae. Sebanyak 100 gram bit mengandung zat besi 0.8 mg, betalain 128.7 mg, vitamin C 4.9 mg, dan asam folat 109 µg yang memiliki peranan penting untuk hematopoiesis. Tujuan: literature review ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian bit (Beta vulgaris L.) terhadap kadar hemoglobin. Metode: Sumber data diperoleh secara online yang tersedia full text dan open access dengan rentang tahun 2011-2020 menggunakan 6 database (Google Scholar, ProQUEST, PuBMED, Springer, Science direct dan ResearchGate). Literatur review ini disintesis menggunakan metode naratif dalam bentuk tabel menggunakan metode PICOT (population, intervension, comparation, outcome, and time). Hasil: Sebanyak 10 artikel telah memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi sesuai topik serta telah memenuhi quality assessment. Desain studi literatur tersebut merupakan penelitian eksperimental dengan metode intervensi bit terbagi menjadi dua yaitu pemberian jus dan ekstrak. Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan hasil pengkajian dari sumber studi literatur dapat diketahui bahwa pemberian intervensi bit dengan dosis dan kurun waktu tertentu memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kenaikan kadar hemoglobin untuk mencegah dan mengatasi anemia. Kata kunci : bit, hemoglobin, anemia, hematopoiesis.

Author Biography

Savira Oktavia Ainiyati, Brawijaya University

Midwifery Program, Medical Faculty

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Published

2022-04-30